克里斯·马克 Chris Marker

克里斯·馬克 Chris Marker法語:[maʁkɛʁ];1921年7月29日-2012年7月29日)是一位法國作家、攝影師、紀錄片導演、多媒體藝術家和電影散文家。他最著名的電影有1962年的《》、1977年的《紅在革命蔓延時》,以及1983年的《日月無光》。馬克通常與發生在20世紀50年代末和60年代的左岸導演聯繫在一起,包括亞倫·雷奈阿涅斯·瓦爾達雅克·德米等其他電影人。

克里斯·馬克與亞倫·雷奈除了時不時會合作外,兩人彼此也是朋友,後者稱馬克為「21世紀人的原型[1]。」電影理論家羅伊·阿姆斯(Roy Armes)則是如此評價馬克:「馬克是獨一無二的,沒辦法將他歸類到任一種類下......法國電影圈中不乏劇作家、詩人、技藝精湛者和自傳作家,但真正的散文家只有一個——克里斯·馬克[1]

——中文维基

注:中文维基资料很少,更多详见英文维基Chris Marker条目,今后我将翻译过来。

 


 

Bibliography 相关书籍

 


 

作品年表

Film collaborations

  • Nuit et Brouillard (Resnais 1955)
    • Note: In a 1995 interview Resnais states that the final version of the commentary was a collaboration between Marker and Jean Cayrol (source: Film Comment).
  • Toute la mémoire du monde (Resnais 1956)
    • Note: Credited as "Chris and Magic Marker."[72]
  • Les hommes de la baleine (Ruspoli 1956)
    • Note: under the pseudonym "Jacopo Berenizi" Marker wrote the commentary for this short about whale hunters in the Azores. The two would return to this topic in 1972's Vive la Baleine (Film Comment).
  • Broadway by Light (Klein 1957)
    • Note: Marker wrote the introductory text to this film.[73]
  • Le mystere de l'atelier quinze (Resnais et Heinrich 1957)
    • Note: Marker wrote the commentary for this fictional short (Film Comment).
  • Le Siècle a soif (Vogel 1958)
    • Note: Marker wrote and spoke all the commentary for this short film about fruit juice in Alexandrine verse (Film Comment).
  • La Mer et les jours (Vogel et Kaminker 1958)
    • Note: Marker present commentary for this "somber work about the daily lives of fishermen on Brittany's Île de Sein" (Film Comment).
  • L'Amérique insolite (Reichenbach 1958)
    • Note: Marker was eventually credited as a writer for this one, apparently, he wrote the dialogue (Film Comment).
  • Django Reinhardt (Paviot 1959)
    • Note: Marker narrated this one (Film Comment).
  • Jouer à Paris (Varlin 1962)
    • Note: This was edited by Marker – essentially, this film is a 27-minute postscript to Le Joli Mai assembled from leftover footage and organized around a new commentary (Film Comment).
  • A Valparaiso (Ivens 1963)
    • Note: This gem was written by Marker. It feels like a Marker film.
  • Les Chemins de la fortune (Kassovitz 1964)
    • Note: Marker apparently helped edit and organise this Venezuela travelogue (Film Comment).
  • La Douceur du village (Reichenbach 1964)
    • Note: Edited by Marker.
  • La Brûlure de mille soleils (Kast 1964)
    • Note: Marker edited this (mostly) animated science-fiction existentialist short and (possibly) collaborated on the script (Film Comment).
  • Le volcan interdit (Tazieff 1966)
    • Note: Marker narrates this volcano documentary.
  • Europort-Rotterdam (Ivens 1966)
    • Note: Marker did the textual adaptation (Film Comment.
  • On vous parle de Flins (Devart 1970)
    • Note: Marker helped film and edit this short (Film Comment).
  • L'Afrique express (Tessier et Lang 1970)
    • Note: Marker wrote the introductory text for this film under the name "Boris Villeneuve" (Film Comment).
  • Kashima Paradise (Le Masson et Deswarte 1974)
    • Note: Marker collaborated on the commentary on this documentary about the destruction of Kashima and Narita (Film Comment).
  • La Batalla de Chile (Guzman, 1975–1976)
    • Note: Marker helped produce and contributed to the screenplay for this, perhaps the greatest of all documentary films (Film Comment).
  • One Sister and Many Brothers (Makavejev 1994)
    • Note: Marker tapes Makavejev circulating among the guests of a party in his honor as much jovial backslapping abounds (Film comment).

Photographic Series

  • Koreans (1957, printed in 2009)
  • Crush Art (2003–08)
  • "Quelle heure est-elle?" (2004–08)
  • PASSENGERS (2008–10)
  • Staring Back (varying years)

Digital Prints

  • Breathless (1995, printed 2009)
  • Hiroshima Mon Amour (1995, printed 2009)
  • Owl People (1995, printed 2009)
  • Rin Tin Tin (1995, printed 2009)

Photogravures

  • After Dürer (2005–07, printed in 2009)

Video Installations

  • Silent Movie (1995)
  • Owls at Noon Prelude: The Hollow Men (2005)

Bibliography (self-contained works by Marker)

  • Le Cœur Net (1949, Editions du Seuil, Paris)
  • Giraudoux Par Lui-Même (1952, Editions du Seuil, Paris)
  • Commentaires I (1961, Editions du Seuil, Paris)
  • Coréennes (1962, Editions du Seuil, Paris)
  • Commentaires II (1967, Editions du Seuil, Paris)
  • Le Dépays (1982, Editions Herscher, Paris)
  • Silent Movie (1995, Ohio State University Press)
  • La Jetée ciné-roman (1996 / 2nd printing 2008, MIT Press, Cambridge; designed by Bruce Mau)
  • Staring Back (2007, MIT Press, Cambridge)
  • Immemory (CDROM) (1997 / 2nd printing 2008, Exact Change, Cambridge)
  • Inner Time of Television (2010, The Otolith Group, London)

 

 

 

页面编辑:沙皮狗