让-吕克·戈达尔 Jean-Luc Godard

让·吕克·戈达尔(法语:Jean-Luc Godard,1930年12月3日-2022年9月13日),法国瑞士导演。他是法国新浪潮电影的奠基者之一。

戈达尔的双亲是法国兼瑞士籍。他曾经在瑞士的尼翁接受教育,之后在法国念高中,继而入读巴黎大学。他在索邦大学的日子里对电影产生兴趣,毕业后数年间伙同年轻的电影人制作人和影评人推动法国电影新浪潮。

戈达尔的电影通常被视为挑战和抗衡好莱坞电影的拍摄手法和叙事风格。他也把自己的政治思想和对电影发展史的观点注入他的电影。在他的作品里可以经常发现存在主义马克思主义哲学的影子。

——中文维基

Jean-Luc Godard (UK/ˈɡɒdɑːr/ GOD-arUS/ɡˈdɑːr/ goh-DARFrench: [ʒɑ̃ lyk ɡɔdaʁ]; born 3 December 1930, died 13th September 2022) is a French-Swiss film director, screenwriter, and film critic. He rose to prominence as a pioneer of the 1960s French New Wave film movement,[1] and is arguably the most influential French filmmaker of the post-war era.[2] According to AllMovie, his work "revolutionized the motion picture form" through its experimentation with narrative, continuitysound, and camerawork.[2]

During his early career as a film critic for the influential magazine Cahiers du Cinéma, Godard criticized mainstream French cinema's "Tradition of Quality",[1] which emphasized established convention over innovation and experimentation.[3] In response, he and like-minded critics began to make their own films,[1] challenging the conventions of traditional Hollywood in addition to French cinema.[4] Godard first received global acclaim for his 1960 feature Breathless, helping to establish the New Wave movement.[2] His work makes use of frequent homages and references to film history, and often expressed his political views; he was an avid reader of existential and Marxist philosophy.[5][6] Since the New Wave, his politics have been much less radical and his recent films are about representation and human conflict from a humanist, and a Marxist perspective.[5]

In a 2002 Sight & Sound poll, Godard ranked third in the critics' top ten directors of all time (which was put together by assembling the directors of the individual films for which the critics voted).[7] He is said to have "created one of the largest bodies of critical analysis of any filmmaker since the mid-twentieth century."[8] He and his work have been central to narrative theory and have "challenged both commercial narrative cinema norms and film criticism's vocabulary."[9] In 2010, Godard was awarded an Academy Honorary Award, but did not attend the award ceremony.[10] Godard's films have inspired many directors including Martin ScorseseQuentin TarantinoBrian De PalmaSteven SoderberghD. A. Pennebaker,[11] Robert AltmanJim JarmuschRainer Werner FassbinderWong Kar-waiWim Wenders,[12] Bernardo Bertolucci,[13] and Pier Paolo Pasolini.[13]

He has been married twice, to actresses Anna Karina and Anne Wiazemsky, both of whom starred in several of his films. His collaborations with Karina—which included such critically acclaimed films as Vivre sa vie (1962), Bande à part (1964) and Pierrot le Fou (1965)—were called "arguably the most influential body of work in the history of cinema" by Filmmaker magazine.[14]

——英文维基入口


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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